What is the term 'metabolic syndrome'? I heard this today and I'm wondering if this is the same as pre-diabetes.
The term “metabolic syndrome” is used to describe a group of risk factors that, when they occur together, can increase the risk for type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke. These risk factors include excess weight around the middle (for men, a waist size greater than 40 inches and for women, greater than 35 inches); insulin resistance (the inability of insulin to work as well as it should, leading to higher-than-normal blood glucose and blood-fat levels); a blood pressure of 130/85 or higher; low HDL or good cholesterol (below 40 for men, 50 for women); high triglycerides, or blood fats (above 150); and a high fasting blood glucose (100 or higher). Pre-diabetes, on the other hand, is a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. A fasting blood glucose between 100 and 125 mg/dl or a 2-hour glucose reading between 140-199 (after drinking a glucose solution) is diagnostic of pre-diabetes. The good news, however, is whether you have metabolic syndrome or pre-diabetes, you can lower your chances of developing type 2 diabetes by almost 60 percent by making lifestyle changes, including weight loss, regular physical activity and eating more healthfully. Talk to your healthcare provider if you think you may have either metabolic syndrome or pre-diabetes.