I've been type 2 for more than 10 years and I am confused on a few things. 1. How does protein get into your urine? 2. Using cinnamon in your diet: does it really lower cholesterol? 3. I exercise daily and try to eat right. What is the best way to prevent/reverse the effects of diabetes? I would like to lose at least 50 lbs. My weight is currently around 230 lbs. Any suggestions?
Here are answers to your questions. 1. Your kidneys filter out waste products and excess fluids. If blood glucose levels remain high for an extended period of time, the tiny vessels in your kidneys may become damaged, which can affect their ability to filter as well as they should. An early sign of kidney damage is the appearance of small amounts of protein in the urine, called microalbuminuria. Your healthcare provider should check your urine for protein at least once a year. If caught early, steps can be taken to prevent kidney damage from worsening. These steps include improved blood glucose control, blood pressure control and, sometimes, taking certain types of medication. 2. There isn’t much evidence that taking cinnamon will lower blood cholesterol levels. However, some studies have shown that cinnamon may improve blood glucose control in people with type 2 diabetes. Things that can help lower cholesterol include cutting back on saturated and trans fat, and increasing your intake of soluble fiber and plant stanols. 3. It’s great that you’re exercising and eating right. These steps, along with taking medication, if needed, are the best ways to help manage your diabetes and lower the risk of developing complications. Checking your blood glucose with your meter and having your A1C measured 2-4 times a year are ways for you and your healthcare provider to know how well your diabetes is doing. Losing weight can certainly help to improve your diabetes control. Given the amount of weight that you’d like to lose, I’d suggest you either meet with a dietitian or look into weight management programs that are offered in your community, such as through your local hospital. You could also consider joining a commercial program like Weight Watchers, Jenny Craig or Nutrisystem.