Can you explain muscle loss?
Muscle loss is an interesting topic because a lot of things can contribute to it. The primary reasons for muscle loss are a lack of exercise, weight loss, and even the aging process itself. To maintain or build muscle, the best type of exercise involves some kind of resistance, such as weight training. Here at Joslin, we recommend aerobic activity (such as jogging, biking or swimming) at least 150 minutes a week with some weight lifting added in. Some believe that eating protein can help build muscle, but there is not a lot of research to substantiate this. When you have diabetes, muscle wasting can sometimes occur when there is not enough insulin in the blood stream. This can happen, for example, with people who have type 1 diabetes, but do not know it yet. Before they are diagnosed, people with type 1 can experience a lot of weight loss, both fat and muscle. Once they start taking insulin, the weight and muscle mass return to normal. This can happen to a person with type 2 diabetes, but it is less common.