What is gestational diabetes?

Dr. William Sullivan


Gestational diabetes is diabetes that develops for the first time during pregnancy. During pregnancy, there is resistance to the effects of insulin, thus predisposing some woman to develop diabetes. Gestational diabetes is partly related to the secretion by the placenta of hormones that promote higher blood glucose levels. Gestational diabetes develops when the pancreas is not able to compensate for the insulin resistance caused by these placental hormones. Gestational diabetes is commonly diagnosed with a glucose tolerance test that is done at 24-28 weeks of gestation. Treatment of gestational diabetes can decrease the chance of having a large baby (over 9 lbs) as well as other complications with the mother. Also, women who develop gestational diabetes are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life and will need to be closely followed. You should discuss any concerns that you have about gestational diabetes with your healthcare provider .

2 replies

subuyoung1 2012-05-02 17:16:13 -0500 Report

Gestational diabetes can be managed, and range in severity. Some women fail the first test, then pass the 3 hour with flying colors. Probably the biggest hurdle with this condition, is finding something to eat. I would search through google…there are plenty of places like, and - all with great suggestions on how to manage it. I had a couple friends with this condition and really struggled with the eating part. So, good luck!

Caroltoo 2012-04-15 20:35:02 -0500 Report

Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes developed by a woman during pregnancy. Doctors watch her blood sugar very carefully so that she remains healthy and the baby developes as it should. Usually, gestational diabetes goes away after delivery.