How can I control my blood sugar without medication?
Some people with type 2 diabetes are able to control their diabetes with a healthy eating plan, weight loss and regular physical activity. A healthy eating plan includes a variety of foods and generally consists of a set amount of carbohydrate at each of your meals and snacks. How much carbohydrate you need depends on a number of factors, such as your age, gender, activity level and blood glucose levels. Reaching and staying at a healthy weight can help you control blood glucose levels, too. A dietitian can help you develop an eating plan that can help you meet your glucose and your weight goals. In addition, it’s important to be physically active most days of the week for at least 30 minutes. Physical activity can consist of walking, dancing, yard work, house work or taking an exercise class. It should also include muscle strengthening exercises, such as using hand weights or resistance bands. An exercise physiologist, physical therapist or physical trainer can be helpful to get you started and make sure that it’s okay for you to be physically active. It’s important to keep in mind, however, that while lifestyle changes can be extremely effective in managing your blood glucose and A1C levels, type 2 diabetes does change over time. Your body tends to make less insulin over time, which means that you will likely need to take medication, along with following your eating plan and being physically active. Your blood glucose and A1C levels will guide you and your healthcare provider as to what, if any, changes in your treatment plan are needed. Finally, if you have type 1 diabetes, you must take insulin, either by injection or by a pump, in order to survive.
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