Which is better to count: carbs or calories?
For blood glucose management, counting carbs (also known as carbohydrate counting), is likely to be more effective than counting calories. Carbohydrate, protein and fat all provide calories, but it’s carbohydrate that has the most effect on blood glucose. Carbohydrate is found in starchy foods, such as bread and pasta, fruit, milk and sweets. The goal isn’t to stop eating carbohydrate, but rather, aim for a consistent amount each day that will help you manage your blood glucose. However, it’s still important to limit how much protein and fat you eat, because they contain calories, and eating too much of foods containing either of these nutrients may lead to weight gain. You don’t necessarily have to count calories from protein or fat foods, but you should limit your portions. A dietitian can help you determine the amount of carbohydrate, protein and fat that’s right for you.