You and your doctor will decide what your target blood sugar levels should be.
For people without diabetes, according to experts, blood sugar levels should be:
Between 70 and 120 mg/ dL For people with type 2 diabetes:
Fasting (not eating for a period of time): up to 130 mg/dL
After meals: less than 180 mg/dL
Why should I check my blood sugar?
Monitoring your own blood sugar levels with a meter is a good thing to do. It helps you see how food, physical activity, and medicine affect your blood sugar levels. The readings can help you manage your type 2 diabetes day by day or even hour by hour. Keep a record of your test results and review them with your doctor at every visit.
How do I test my own blood sugar?
You use a tiny drop of blood and a meter. Be sure you know how to test your blood sugar levels the right way.
How often should I check my blood sugar levels?
Self-tests are usually done before meals, after meals, and/or at bedtime. Ask your doctor when and how often you need to check your blood sugar.
If I test my own blood sugar levels, do I still need the A1C test?
Yes. The results of both the blood sugar tests that you do yourself and A1C tests help you and your health care team get a complete picture of your control of type 2 diabetes. Learn more about the A1C test.
A1C is a blood test done in a doctor’s office or in a laboratory. An A1C shows your average blood sugar level over the past 2 to 3 months—and, by extension, how well your blood sugar is being controlled over time. Generally, doctors recommend that you get an A1C test up to 4 times a year.
It's important to know your A1C because it tells how balanced your blood sugar level is staying over time. Balanced blood sugar means that your blood sugar level is neither too high nor too low. It stays within a healthy range.
If your A1C is higher than it should be, don't lose hope. You CAN take steps to help bring it down. Every step you take now can help you lower your risk of future health problems caused by diabetes.
What should your target A1C be?
You and your doctor will decide what your target A1C should be. For most people with diabetes, the American Diabetes Association recommends an A1C of less than 7%. Another group of experts, the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, recommends an even lower A1C of 6.5% or less.