Wound healing can be slowed drastically in patients with diabetes. Poor wound healing is one of the leading causes of amputation in diabetics. High blood glucose levels, poor circulation and neuropathy are of some of the reason why diabetics heal poorly. Research from the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, Massachusetts reveals another possible reason for slow and poor would healing.
The molecule, PGC-1 alpha, may be the culprit. The role of this molecule in the body is to sense an injury and then aid in healing it. Researchers found that this molecule actually has the opposite effect in patients with diabetes. PGC-1 alpha is induced by high blood sugars in those with diabetes.
High levels of blood glucose have been known to contribute to poor wound healing. Recent research has also found that high levels of the PGC-1 molecule can prevent our endothelia cells from functioning and inhibit blood vessel growth.
What You Can Do
Controlling your blood sugar level is the most important thing you can do to help preserve your body's ability to heal wounds. By eating healthy and maintaining good nutrition you’ll have better control over blood glucose levels. Speak with your doctor or diabetes educator and find what diet works best for you.
Be attentive to your body, especially if you experience neuropathy. Before and after putting your shoes on each day, check your feet for any wounds. You should seek proper treatment even for minor-looking wounds. To avoid any infection make sure you tend to your wounds carefully and speak with you doctor to determine a proper treatment plan.
Prevent inflammation by eating a nutritious diet and exercising regularly. Participate in regular cardiovascular exercise to maintain health and good circulation.