There is an ongoing debate on the subject of meal frequency an size for people with type 2 diabetes: Is larger or smaller better?
Let’s face it: there is always a debate about how and what we type 2's should be eating. However, in this case, there have been studies done to help determine the results.
A study was done to determine whether larger or smaller and more frequent meals showed the most benefit for people with type 2 diabetes. The study participants were either overweight or obese and were non-insulin dependent folks with type 2 diabetes.
In one case, some of the participants were given a large breakfast consisting of higher levels of protein and fat. The others ate a much smaller meal.
Those who ate the larger breakfast saw lower A1c results as well as lower blood pressure when compared to the group who ate the smaller meal. They were also less hungry throughout the day and reported feeling more satisfied.
Another study looked at the effect of eating either two versus five meals per day. The results showed that there was no significant difference in glucose and insulin levels or in the lipid panels in either group. The participants were a mix of lean and obese women. Hunger was an issue for those in the 2 meal per day group.
The study concluded that the amount of calories per day as well as the content of the diet has a bigger impact on the metabolic numbers than the frequency of meals.
· Larger breakfasts will lower A1c and systolic blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes.
· Eating several smaller meals per day does not have a significant impact on metabolic profiles.