Kate Cornell was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in June of 2005. Since then, she has controlled diabetes through dietary changes, exercise, and, more recently, metformin. She shares her experiences and lessons learned here and on her blog, kates-sweet-success.blogspot.com, which was named as one of the top diabetes blogs for 2015 by Healthline.com.

Managing diabetes means being aware of so many things—the main focus always being on maintaining blood sugar levels within our goals. But there are lots of things that affect our blood sugar, making that moving target difficult and frustrating at times.

Mayo Clinic has a good overview of what can affect our blood sugar and ways to control those things to the best of our ability. Here are a few highlights:

1. Food

What we eat has the biggest affect on blood sugar. Eating a healthy diet should, of course, be the first goal, but sometimes when and how much we eat can have just as much impact.

Four ways to control blood sugar with food:
· Eat at the same times every day.
· Make every meal well balanced.
· Practice portion control.
· Be certain that the amount of food you’re eating is in balance with your medications.

2. Exercise

Regular exercise is another way to control your blood sugar. It doesn’t always have to be a strenuous workout to be helpful. “…even light activities—such as housework, gardening, or being on your feet for extended periods—can lower your blood sugar level.”

Be sure to:
· Talk with your doctor before starting a new exercise routine.
· Keep to a schedule.
· Check your blood sugar before, during, and after exercise.
· Stay hydrated.
· Always have fast-acting glucose on hand in case of low blood sugar.

Those are the two big ones, but other things that can affect your blood sugar include illness, stress, alcohol, hormone levels, and medication.

Develop a regular schedule for eating and exercise and you'll be accomplishing much to help control your blood sugar levels.