Diet- Carbs

By rij061258 Latest Reply 2011-06-15 05:08:39 -0500
Started 2011-01-02 14:42:51 -0600

I was just diagnoised 2 weeks ago with type 2 diabetes. I'm having trouble knowing what a good carb(slow releasing) is and what a bad carb(fast load) are. Can anyone help me. Also, trying to figure out how to lower blood sugar and A1c levels. Mine are 115 and 6. Any help or insight would be greatly appreciate. I feel like I'm on the river in a boat without a paddle.

7 replies

cavie2 2011-06-15 05:08:39 -0500 Report

there are some good books out there about 'Low Glycemic Index (low GI) foods and recipes and if you go onto the Internet and type in 'Avidlite' that site has over 1000 items that are low GI products and all the products are suitable for Diabetics AND they are giving away free sweets with every order so check it out. I use BURGEN soya and linseed bread that is low GI but remember it's what you put on it that could spoil it the spread you use or the cheese for a sandwich or the salad cream or mayonnaise etc the sugar and carbs content with some are quite high

tomecom 2011-01-03 13:20:10 -0600 Report

rij061258: You need a good glycemic index table that has columns for low, medium and high glycemic index. I would recommend that you go to and download the Diabetes Primer. Just type the program name in the search box near the top of the page and download it. It is free, and it has several hundred food items listed on a massive glycemic index table. It also explains what all that means and how to use it in meal planning.
The table also identifies what are called free foods; which are foods that require more calories to burn (digest) than they supply.
The Primer will also help you as a newly diagnosed diabetic to understand the disease better and how to manage it to prevent the progression of diabetes damage.

GabbyPA 2011-01-02 18:40:58 -0600 Report

Welcome to Diabetic Connect. I hope you get a lot of great information here.

Your levels are not way off track so working to reduce the may take some simple changes. CaliKo has listed some great tips. Testing is also something that will help you figure out things. Certain foods will react differently to each person. For instance, I cannot eat anything with corn in it. Corn, no matter how little I consume spikes me very badly. You will find some things don't bother your levels with testing.

CaliKo 2011-01-02 15:50:36 -0600 Report

Slow releasing good carbs include whole grains. They are usually high in carbs, so you can only have a small serving for a 15 g serving. Examples include a mini whole wheat bagel or 1/4 cup brown rice. Beans like black beans or lentils are good, too. Whole grains typically have non-soluable fiber, and beans have soluable fiber, both good for you.
Good, fast carbs include most fruits. They need to be included in your diet in small portions. Lower impact choices include blueberries and strawberries.
Bad, fast carbs include your basic white foods, like white sugar, white potatoes, white rice, white bread, which many of us end up cutting out of our diet as much as possible.
To keep your blood glucose level steady, take the number of carbs you are allowed per day and spread them out evenly throughout the day, maybe 3 small meals and 2 or 3 small snacks, choosing from good carbs.
It is best to keep a log of what you eat and what it does to your blood glucose levels two hours later. Eventually you may want to test in 30 minute intervals to further refine your choices. It's a lot to learn about yourself, and it's not an overnight process. Exercise will also greatly effect your numbers, so you might want to include notes about exercise in your log. Good luck! There's lots of information on this site, and lots of nice people willing to talk about most any aspect of diabetes. Welcome to the site.

rij061258 2011-01-02 15:56:13 -0600 Report

Thanks for you advice. So far my dr doesn't have me testing my bg. That is why I feel so confused as to how I will know if I am controling it or not. I'm flying in the dark and hoping for the best right now. I also have high blood pressure and high cholestrol although they are being controled by meds. I'm hoping not to have to go on meds for this as well.

CaliKo 2011-01-03 11:37:44 -0600 Report

You are most welcome. The good news is that the things you will do to control your diabetes is also beneficial to your blood pressure and cholesterol levels. You'll want to add these numbers to your log as well. Some diabetics switch to an ace inhibitor type of blood pressure medication since those drugs also seem to have a protective influence for your kidneys, which are sometimes overworked in a diabetic. And the soluable fiber foods are are recommended for improving cholesterol numbers. This includes beans and citrus, but citrus may spike your blood glucose. I eat a small clementine orange with a meal and that works for me.
You don't have to have a prescription to buy a blood glucose meter and strips, so you can take this on yourself if you want to. Your doctor may also write a prescription for it if you ask, so your insurance may cover part of the expense. You may want to ask him/her about Diabetes Education Classes in your area. My doctor enrolled me so that insurance would pay part of it. The fact that your numbers are not that bad yet just means it will be easier to correct if you are willing to go to work on it, and I think you are or you wouldn't be on this site. It pays to get on top of diabetes quickly so you won't suffer complications. If you can't find a class, look for a "Certified Diabetes Educator" and get an appointment. There are lots of good books, too, and lots of information on this site and others, but a CDE is a shortcut and will customize a meal plan and exercise for your needs. Good luck!