As type 1 diabetes progresses, your body produces fewer and fewer hormones that counteract insulin when hypoglycemia is present.
People with type 2 diabetes who take insulin also develop this loss of protective hormones.
This situation leads to more severe hypoglycemia later in type 1 diabetes, especially if you and your doctor don’t adjust your insulin injections in response to your lower glucose levels.
These same hormones also play the role of giving you warning signs when your blood glucose drops, such as sweating, a rapid heart beat, and anxiety, so you are prompted to eat.
When the hormone levels drop, these warning signs don’t occur, so you aren’t signaled that it’s time to eat.
This situation is called hypoglycemia unawareness.
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