This discussion is about carbohydrates. As diabetics, it is important to understand carbohydrates they include:.
SUGAR: all kinds including natural honey and natural maple syrup, and fructose (fruit sugar)
STARCH: includes all kinds of flour from any source, potatoes, rice, dry beans etc.
FRUITS & VEGETABLES are carbohydrates
FIBERS: soluble and in insoluble including resistant starch fiber, inulin and cellulose are carbohydrates also.
Your body makes an enzyme to digest carbohydrates but not all of them. The carbohydrates your body cannot digest are called fiber. Fruits and vegetables comes as a mixture of sugar, starch and fiber. We as diabetics need to lower the sugar and starch in our diets and increase the fiber as much as possible. That can be done in two ways. Choose fruits and vegetables in which the ratio of sugar and starch to fiber is as low as possible and fiber as high as possible. Fiber can sometimes be added to high starch foods to reduce or dilute the sugar and starch. Oat bran, wheat bran, ground flax seed, inulin and resistant starch fiber can be added to foods to reduce their affect on blood sugar. Fiber also slows down the digestion which keeps blood sugar from rising so fast. We need to have a real understanding of carbohydrates. That is why counting carbs by itself doesn't always work. Some carbs are better than others, some don't raise blood sugar at all, it is important for us to know the difference.
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