Damage to the light sensitive nerve tissue at the back of the eye called the retina that transmits visual images to the brain.
Controlling blood glucose levels with insulin therapy can reduce diabetic retinopathy by up to 76%.
Diabetic retinopathy affects more than 4.1 million Americans age 40 and older. This is a substantial public health problem.
When severe blurring of vision occurs when fluid accumulates around the macula this is called macular edema. This can occr at any stage of diabetic retinopathy.
If detected early it can be treated with a procedure called laser photocoagulation.
Early treatment can spare vision.
An important prevention method is to maintain blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible.
The most dangerous is that retinal detachment can occur with this disease of the eye and this will cause permanent vision loss.
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