Learning food exchanges & carbs

By clarissah Latest Reply 2013-10-08 13:34:08 -0500
Started 2013-09-25 17:49:02 -0500

I know carb counting is a way to manage your B/G. I don't understand calculating carbs or grams. I know sugar is carbs!
I don't know how to do food exchanges however. My insurance does not pay for me to see a diabetic nutritionist (someone to help teach a diabetic these things.)
I've been diabetic for several years but still don't know how to do these things therefore I haven't lost any weight.
I do keep a log-book and but I can't figure out how to count the carbs I am eating per-meal I'm suppose to be eating 30 t0 40 carbs a meal to lose weight.
Is their any help here on this site?

9 replies

correctionsnurse1 2013-10-08 13:25:07 -0500 Report

Clarissah… If it is ok with the site amin I can scan and pay the conversion chart I recently got. Just to help, 1 serving of starch is 15 carbs. My list tells the exchanges and makes it sort simple. But I do not want to pay my meal plan b/c everyone requires different amounts of starches fairy, fats, veggies, fruits, ect. Just let me know and have the admin key me know it's ok to post.

Bun10 2013-09-29 19:02:32 -0500 Report

Starches break down to sugar. Some enter your blood stream immediately. They shot in to your bloodstream and your glucose shoots up too. Avoid white starches. White bread, white potatoes, white rice, pasta and such. Sweet potatoes and white potatoes have the same amount of carbs. Sweet potatoes enter you bloodstream gradually so your sugar doesn't shoot up. Why? because it is a fibrous veggie. Sweet potato should be about the size of a computer mouse. Dreamfield white pasta is especially good for diabetics. Quinoa (pronounced Keen-wa) is actually a protein and very good for you. Mix it with veggies or eat in place of potato or rice. Brown rice is also better for you. Barley, bulgar and such are good for you. Cereal should have at least 5fibers per helping. Check the sugar. Fiber, fiber, fiber should be your motto. Acorn squash and spaghetti squash are very fibrous. Eat your veggies! Bon appetite!

correctionsnurse1 2013-10-08 13:29:44 -0500 Report

Sorry… But i have to disagree that bread, pasta, potatoes, ect have the same amount of carbs. Just is not accurate information. Not trying to argue, but I think you would benefit from this chart I told another member of. It depends on everyone's body and how they process it, plus multiple other factors. Butthis just my educated opinion.

Type1Lou 2013-09-26 15:36:22 -0500 Report

I don't use food exchanges but do count total carbs. As others have suggested, read your food labels to get not only the total carb count but the serving size since the carbs are noted per serving. For foods without nutrition labels, there are books and on-line sites that will give you the carb values (e.g. one 7" banana has 27 grams of carb) "Calorie King" is one book many people use. You might want to check your local public library to "audition" a carb guide before you go out and buy it. There are sites that allow you to input favorite recipes and, based on the number of servings you make, it will give you the nutritional value per serving. I use www.recipenutrition.com for this. A friend gave me a Chefmate brand digital nutrition scale which was bought at Target. By putting in a food code provided by a booklet that came with the scale, it weighs your portion and gives you the nutritional values, including carbs. I use it for apples, since they can vary greatly in size and weight (usually between 25 to 35 grams of carb) I limit myself to 120 grams of total carb per day and have been able to maintain my weight at 120 pounds. I'm 5'3" tall and a 64 years old, moderately active retiree. I demands some effort but the benefits are well worth it. Good luck to you!

ShellyLargent 2013-09-26 13:16:53 -0500 Report

If you are eating a packaged food, then the carb count will be listed. Just make sure that you are only eating one serving as that it what the nutritional values are based off of on the label. The label will tell you how many servings are in the package. Sometimes it will give you an estimate of how much a serving size is, most times you have to do the math yourself… For foods that you prepare yourself or restaurants, I would suggest getting a copy of a nutritional guide like Calorie King, that's what I use. It not only has calorie values for a ton of food, it also gives you carb counts. You can also sign up online for My Fitness Pal (www.myfitnesspal.com) where it will track your daily nutritional needs based on how much weight you tell it you want to lose. I've used it before in the past with pretty good success. I only stopped using it when I joined my Weight Watchers group (I like having the face to face support each week). But I still use the site to look up food if needed since it has a very extensive database of nutritional values. If you find yourself still feeling hungry after a meal, try eating foods that are higher in fiber and proteins. Veggies are for the most part a "free" food. Very little if any carbs, except those that are a higher starch content like corn and potatoes. Fruits can be a good filler too if you can handle eating them. Some diabetics don't because they get spikes in their blood sugars. I'm lucky enough to not have this problem. I may get an initial spike, but it comes down to normal very quickly without having to correct for it. Hope this helps!

kimfing 2013-09-25 20:40:07 -0500 Report

Food labels and a scale are your best friends for counting carbs. Look at how many ounces or grams are per serving then look down farther on label to see what carb amount it is. My recommendation is go whole grain on breads. I sent care to eat anything that has more than 5 g of sugar per serving as it messes with bs. Good luck. Do u take insulin shots? If meal time insulin, you will need to know your carb to insulin ratio.

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