Blood sugar levels that are too high (hyperglycemia) can quickly turn into a diabetic emergency without quick and appropriate treatment. The best way to avoid dangerously high blood sugar levels is to self-test to stay in tune with your body and to stay attuned to the symptoms and risk factors for diabetic ketoacidosis, and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (i.e. hyperglycemia).
Extremely high blood sugar levels can lead to one of two conditions — DKA (diabetic ketoacidosis) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (HHNS; also called hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic coma). Although both syndromes can occur in either type 1 or type 2 diabetes, DKA is more common in type 1 and HHNS is more common in type 2.
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