What's the Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?

Gabby
By GabbyPA Latest Reply 2013-02-19 20:40:33 -0600
Started 2013-02-19 20:40:33 -0600

This is a question that has come up many times here and today I found a very good article that explains everything from symptoms, diagnosis and complications and how things are different between the two.

Check out the following article, well worth the read.

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By Everyday Health
http://www.everydayhealth.com/diabetes/differ...

By Chris Iliades, MD
Medically reviewed by Pat F. Bass III, MD, MPH

Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes share the problem of high levels of blood sugar. The inability to control blood sugar causes the symptoms and the complications of both types of diabetes. But type 1 and type 2 diabetes are two different diseases in many ways. In the United States, 25.8 million people have diabetes — that’s about 8.3 percent of the population. But type 1 diabetes affects just 5 percent of those adults, with type 2 diabetes affecting up to 95 percent. Here’s what else you need to know to be health-savvy in the age of the diabetes epidemic.

What Causes Diabetes?

"Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease — the body's immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas that make insulin," a hormone, says Andjela Drincic, MD, an associate professor of medicine in diabetes and endocrinology at the Nebraska Medical Center in Omaha. The exact cause is not known, but it is probably a combination of the genes a person is born with and something in the environment that triggers the genes to become active.

"The cause of type 2 diabetes is multifactorial," says Dr. Drincic. "People inherit genes that make them susceptible to type 2, but lifestyle factors like obesity and inactivity are also important. In type 2 diabetes, at least in the early stages, there is enough insulin, but the body becomes resistant to it." Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include a family history of the disease, a poor diet, a sedentary lifestyle, obesity, and being a certain ethnicity.

Juvenile or Adult-Onset: When Does Diabetes Start?
Read more: http://www.everydayhealth.com/diabetes/differ...


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