What's the Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?

By GabbyPA Latest Reply 2013-02-19 20:40:33 -0600
Started 2013-02-19 20:40:33 -0600

This is a question that has come up many times here and today I found a very good article that explains everything from symptoms, diagnosis and complications and how things are different between the two.

Check out the following article, well worth the read.

By Everyday Health

By Chris Iliades, MD
Medically reviewed by Pat F. Bass III, MD, MPH

Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes share the problem of high levels of blood sugar. The inability to control blood sugar causes the symptoms and the complications of both types of diabetes. But type 1 and type 2 diabetes are two different diseases in many ways. In the United States, 25.8 million people have diabetes — that’s about 8.3 percent of the population. But type 1 diabetes affects just 5 percent of those adults, with type 2 diabetes affecting up to 95 percent. Here’s what else you need to know to be health-savvy in the age of the diabetes epidemic.

What Causes Diabetes?

"Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease — the body's immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas that make insulin," a hormone, says Andjela Drincic, MD, an associate professor of medicine in diabetes and endocrinology at the Nebraska Medical Center in Omaha. The exact cause is not known, but it is probably a combination of the genes a person is born with and something in the environment that triggers the genes to become active.

"The cause of type 2 diabetes is multifactorial," says Dr. Drincic. "People inherit genes that make them susceptible to type 2, but lifestyle factors like obesity and inactivity are also important. In type 2 diabetes, at least in the early stages, there is enough insulin, but the body becomes resistant to it." Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include a family history of the disease, a poor diet, a sedentary lifestyle, obesity, and being a certain ethnicity.

Juvenile or Adult-Onset: When Does Diabetes Start?
Read more: http://www.everydayhealth.com/diabetes/differ...

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