Diabetic shoes are important as a common side effect of diabetes is "peripheral neuropathy," which causes loss of sensation in the extremities. Ill-fitting shoes which rub or pinch the feet excessively can lead to ulceration and foot injury, simply because the diabetic does not feel the injury until it is too late.
Properly fitted diabetic shoes are very important in preventing such injuries. Companies specializing in pedorthics — the design of footwear and specialty insoles to help alleviate and/or prevent foot pain and injury — manufacture special shoes and insoles for diabetics.
Diabetic shoes are often wider and deeper than regular shoes, to make room for special diabetic insoles. Pedorthic insoles for diabetics are generally custom made for the patient's feet, to ensure proper fit and minimize rubbing and uneven weight distribution, preventing injury. It is also important for a diabetic to have shoes with good air circulation, meaning a lot of diabetic footwear features fabric or sandal-style uppers.
It is very important for a diabetic to have their shoes custom fitted by a trained professional, since they may not be able to feel an improper fit, due to peripheral neuropathy. By ensuring proper fit and good air circulation, properly designed diabetic shoes and insoles prevent pressure ulcers, encourage good blood circulation, and allow the skin to breathe.
When you think about all of the items that a diabetic uses in order to assist with dealing with their disease, chances are you never consider the importance of socks. But diabetic socks are not only an actual product, but they provide a valuable service for those who are trying to make the most of their condition.
Diabetic socks work much the same way as a regular sock by serving as a protective barrier between the foot and a shoe. But diabetic socks are much more than that. Their design, material and function separate them from regular socks.
Diabetic socks allow more oxygen to the feet which allows them to breathe easier and eliminate the possibility for the growth of bacteria or fungus. Giving way to air flow keeps feet fresh and is much more effective in controlling moisture. This is accomplished by using anti-microbial and anti-fungal properties in its multi wicker fiber yarn. They are also used to increase blood circulation. This is of vital importance to a diabetic who routinely has to contend with this issue. They give proper support without being restrictive.
When looking at the design of a diabetic sock you can see that the top weave is larger to allow for proper stretching, which greatly reduces binding. The overall texture is specifically made to cut down on friction or irritation from use.
The right diabetic sock should be also be white, or at least light colored. This gives the user immediate notification of an ulcer or an open wound on the foot. It should also be seamless in design since many diabetics are very acutely sensitive to seams or have nerve damage that can be aggravated from walking on seams.
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