What is Metabolic Syndrome?
What is Insulin Resistance?
What do they have to do with diabetes?
Metabolic syndrome is becoming more and more common in the United States. Researchers are not sure whether the syndrome is due to one single cause, but all of the risks for the syndrome are related to obesity.
The two most important risk factors for metabolic syndrome are:
Extra weight around the middle and upper parts of the body (central obesity). The body may be described as "apple-shaped."
Insulin resistance. The the body uses insulin less effectively than normal. Insulin is needed to help control the amount of sugar in the body. As a result, blood sugar and fat levels rise.
Other risk factors include:
Genes that make you more likely to develop this condition
Lack of exercise
People who have metabolic syndrome often have two other problems that can either cause the condition or make it worse:
Excess blood clotting
Increased levels of blood substances that are a sign of inflammation throughout the body
Signs and tests
Metabolic syndrome is present if you have three or more of the following signs:
Blood pressure equal to or higher than 130/85 mmHg
Fasting blood sugar (glucose) equal to or higher than 100 mg/dL
Large waist circumference (length around the waist):
Men - 40 inches or more
Women - 35 inches or more
Low HDL cholesterol:
Men - under 40 mg/dL
Women - under 50 mg/dL
Triglycerides equal to or higher than 150 mg/dL
The goal of treatment is to reduce your risk of heart disease and diabetes.
Your doctor will recommend lifestyle changes or medicines to help reduce your blood pressure, LDL cholesterol, and blood sugar.
Metabolic Syndrome and Insulin Resistance can be corrected, if not prevented.
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