Here is a document that spells out the guidelines for diabetes care standards from the American Academy of Clinical Endocrinologists. It's written for doctors but a lot is fairly easy to understand if you care to read it all. It's also very interesting and explains about diagnosing, what normal, impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes is, has goals for various things like blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol, explains treatment plans, explains how drugs can be used 'off label' to help with aspects of diabetes, explains about complication risks, talks about different types of healthcare professionals, recommendations for blood sugar testing and, what I think is the most interesting of all, what doctors should be doing and explaining to patients.
Like I said, it's kind of tough reading at times since it is aimed at medical professionals but if you have some time and can get through it, there is some useful and interesting info. It's a PDF so you will need a PDF reader installed on your computer/phone/tablet. You can also save the document by (usually) right clicking the link below and selecting "Save as" or similar.
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